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Test #1 Review:  Chapters 1 & 2

Instructions:  Read the question.  Then, read the answers. Choose the answer that you think is correct and click on the button to see if your answer is correct or not.  A comment box will pop up to tell you if you are right or wrong in your choice.  To make the pop up box go away, you can click on the "" button, hit the "enter" button on your keyboard, or hit the space bar.  Use the button to go back to the top at any time.

I recommend keeping track of how many you get correct on your first try.  (Please note:  If you find any errors, such as no answer comes up correct, please let me know as soon as possible so that I may correct these problems.)

1.       What we perceive about persons depends, in part, on their mannerisms and gestures.


2.       Through our senses of sight, taste, hearing, smell, and touch, we gather information every single moment about what is around us.


3.       Our emotional state influences our ability to see and hear what is happening around us.


4.       The last task of forensic scientists is to find, examine, and evaluate evidence from a crime scene.


5.       A crime scene investigator usually does not have to obtain a degree in Crime Scene Investigation through either a college degree program or a certification program.


6.       An evidence log and a chain of custody are unnecessary and do not have to be attached to the evidence container.


7.       Evidence that (if true) proves an alleged fact is called direct evidence.


8.       A kind of evidence that identifies a particular person or thing is called individual evidence.


9.       Detectives look for leads by interviewing witnesses and talking to the crime scene investigators about the evidence.


 10.   A fact can be defined as:

a statement or assertion as observed by a witness.

a fictional construct used to build an individuals belief system.

a statement or assertion of information that can be verified.

None of these choices.


11.   One of the most important tools of the forensic investigator is the ability to:

observe, interpret and report observations clearly.

observe assumptions clearly.

report assumptions clearly.

None of these choices.


12.   Perception:

is faulty.

does not always reflect reality.

is not always accurate.

All of these choices.


13.   Criminal investigations depend on the observation skills of all involved.  Those involved include:

police investigators.


forensic scientists.

All of these choices.


14.   The Innocence Project at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law was created by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J. Neufeld in 1992.  Its purpose was to reexamine post-conviction cases (individuals convicted and in prison) using:

DNA evidence to provide conclusive proof of innocence.

DNA evidence to provide conclusive proof of guilt.

eyewitness accounts to provide conclusive proof of innocence.

circumstantial evidence to provide conclusive proof of innocence.


15.   Forensic derives from the Latin word, forensics, which means:

of the day.

of the consensus.

of the month.

of the forum.


16.   Forensic science is strictly concerned with uncovering evidence that:

stands beyond a reasonable doubt.

stands only as conjecture.

stands as fact.

is true.


17.   A psychologist who has spent the last 50 years studying faces, Paul Ekman is a leading expert on:

forensic analysis and discovery.

facial analysis and deception.

Body language.

forensic analysis and truth.


18.   Paul Ekmanís early research led to a major discovery that changed how scientists view human expression.  He found that our expressions are:


biologically programmed.

both learned and biologically programmed.

neither learned nor biologically programmed.


19.   Lie detectors are inaccurate because they:

can reflect emotions rather than the truth.

can be willfully tricked by a  trained individual.

Both A and B.

None of these choices - They are accurate.


20.   What did some West African tribes use (for centuries) as a lie detector?

They had the suspect balance a chicken egg on their head while answering questions.  If it fell off, the person was thought to be lying. 

They had the suspect hold an ostrich egg with both hands while answering questions.  If it broke, the person was thought to be lying. 

They had the suspect was asked to hold a handful of rice in their mouths while answering questions.  If the rice was dry at the end of the questions, the person was thought to be lying.

None of these choices.


21.   Compared to the method used by the West African tribes, the modern lie detector is:

more accurate

less accurate.

equally as accurate.


22.   The verbal testimony of a forensic scientist alone may not be entered into evidence without:

the proper documentation.

the proper explanation.

the necessary proof of facts, whether oral or written.

None of these choices.


23.   Whether observing at a crime scene or examining collected evidence in the laboratory, the forensic examiner must be able to:

identify the evidence.

record the evidence.

determine the significance of the evidence.

All of these choices.


24.   A person who has seen someone or something and can communicate these facts is:

an eyewitness.

a personal observer.

a witness.

a court reporter.


25.   When evaluating eyewitness testimony, the investigator must discriminate between fact and:




None of these choices.


26.   To ensure all evidence is found, a crime scene is often laid out (searched) in a:


timeline of factual evidence.


purposeful topographic survey.


27.   An interesting aspect of our perception is that we:

believe what we see and hear, even though our ability to be accurate is flawed.

believe what we see, even though our ability to be accurate is flawed.    

believe what we hear, even though our ability to be accurate is flawed.   

None of these choices.


28.   Eyewitness accounts of crime-scene events vary considerably from one person to another. What you observe depends on your level of:



concentration and the amount and kind of distraction that may be present.

All of these choices.


29.   The goal of a crime scene investigation is to:

recognize evidence at the scene of a crime.

document evidence at the scene of a crime.

collect evidence at the scene of a crime.

All of these choices.


30.   Direct evidence includes:

first-hand observations such as eyewitness accounts.

second-hand observations.

circumstantial evidence.

None of these choices.


31.   Circumstantial evidence is:

direct evidence that can be used to imply a fact, but does directly prove it.

indirect evidence that can be used to imply a fact, but does not directly prove it.

indirect evidence that cannot be used to imply a fact.

None of these choices.


32.   Trace evidence is a type of circumstantial evidence, examples of which include:

hair found on a brush.

blood drops on a shirt.

fingerprints found on a glass.

All of these choices.


33.   Class evidence narrows an identity to:

a group of persons or things.

an individual person.

an individual person or thing.

a subgroup.


34.   The crime scene investigation team is made up of:

legal and scientific professionals who work together to solve a crime.

legal professionals who work together to solve a crime.

scientific professionals who work together to solve a crime.

None of these choices.


35.   Specialists at a crime scene include:


forensic psychologists.

forensic scientists.

All of these choices.


36.   The first to arrive at a crime scene are usually:

police officers.

medical examiners.

crime scene investigators.



37.   Medical examiners are also called:


crime scene investigators.




38.   Crime scene investigators include:

recorders to record the data.

sketch artists to sketch the scene.

photographers to take photos of the crime scene.

All of these choices.


39.   Securing the crime scene is the responsibility of the first responding:

police officer.


crime scene investigator.



40.   All evidence needs to be properly packaged, sealed, and labeled.  Liquids and arson remains are stored in:

breathable containers.

a bindle.

airtight unbreakable containers.

a plastic or paper container.


41.   The forensic lab processes all of the evidence the crime scene investigation collected to determine the:

facts of the case.

identity of the perpetrator of the offense.

truth of the testimony of the witnesses.

None of these choices.


42.   Crime scene reconstruction involves forming a hypothesis of the sequence of events from before the crime was committed:

through its commission.

to the present day.

through days after its commission.

None of these choices.


43.   Whenever two people come in contact with each other, a physical transfer occurs.  To a forensic examiner, these transferred materials constitute what is called:

trace evidence.

class evidence.

direct evidence.

None of these choices.



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